More historical stuff

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More historical stuff

Postby Dragonlady » Tue Nov 15, 2005 05:01 pm

I know that catch-up posted something simlar a while ago, and we had a discussion about the last one recently, but I hadn't heard some of these....

In George Washington's days, there were no cameras. One's image was either sculpted or painted. Some paintings of George Washington showed him standing behind a desk with one arm behind his back while others showed both legs and both arms. Prices charged by painters were not based on how many people were to be painted, but by how many limbs were to be painted. Arms and legs are "limbs," therefore painting them would cost the buyer more. Hence the expression, "Okay, but it'll cost you an arm and a leg.."
As incredible as it sounds, men and women took baths only twice a year (May and October)! Women kept their hair covered, while men shaved their heads (because of lice and bugs) and wore wigs. Wealthy men could afford good wigs made from wool. They couldn't wash the wigs, so to clean them they would carve out a loaf of bread, put the wig in the shell, and bake it for 30 minutes. The heat would make the wig big and fluffy, hence the term "big wig." Today we often use the term "here comes the Big Wig" because someone appears to be or is powerful and wealthy.
In the late 1700s, many houses consisted of a large room with only one chair. Commonly, a long wide board folded down from the wall, and was used for dining. The "head of the household" always sat in the chair while everyone else ate sitting on the floor. Occasionally a guest, who was usually a man, would be invited to sit in this chair during a meal. To sit in the chair meant you were important and in charge. They called the one sitting in the chair the "chair man." Today in business, we use the expression or title "Chairman" or "Chairman of the Board."
Personal hygiene left much room for improvement. As a result, many women and men had developed acne scars by adulthood. The women would spread bee's wax over their facial skin to smooth out their complexions. When they were speaking to each other, if a woman began to stare at another woman's face she was told, "mind your own bee's wax." Should the woman smile, the wax would crack, hence the term "crack a smile." In addition, when they sat too close to the fire, the wax would melt . . . therefore, the expression "losing face."

Ladies wore corsets, which would lace up in the front. A proper
and dignified woman. as in "straight laced" .. . . wore a tightly
tied lace.

Common entertainment included playing cards. However, there was a
tax levied when purchasing playing cards but only applicable to
the "Ace of Spades." To avoid paying the tax, people would
purchase 51 cards instead. Yet, since most games require 52 cards,
these people were thought to be stupid or dumb because they
weren't "playing with a full deck."

Early politicians required feedback from the public to determine
what the people considered important. Since there were no
telephones, TV's or radios, the politicians sent their assistants
to local taverns, pubs, and bars. They were told to "go sip some
ale" and listen to people's conversations and political concerns.
Many assistants were dispatched at different times. "You go sip
here" and "You go sip there." The two words "go sip" were
eventually combined when referring to the local opinion and, thus
we have the term "gossip."

At local taverns, pubs, and bars, people drank from pint and
quart-sized containers. A bar maid's job was to keep an eye on the
customers and keep the drinks coming. She had to pay close
attention and remember who was drinking in "pints" and who was
drinking in "quarts," hence the term "minding your "P's and Q's."

One more
In the heyday of sailing ships, all war ships and many freighters
carried iron cannons. Those cannons fired round iron cannon balls.
It was necessary to keep a good supply near the cannon. However,
how to prevent them from rolling about the deck? The best storage
method devised was a square-based pyramid with one ball on top,
resting on four resting on nine, which rested on sixteen. Thus, a
supply of 30 cannon balls could be stacked in a small area right
next to the cannon. There was only one problem...how to prevent
the bottom layer from sliding or rolling from under the others.
The solution was a metal plate called a "Monkey" with 16 round
indentations. However, if this plate were made of iron, the iron
balls would quickly rust to it. The solution to the rusting
problem was to make "Brass Monkeys." Few landlubbers realize that
brass contracts much more and much faster than iron when chilled.
Consequently, when the temperature dropped too far, the brass
indentations would shrink so much that the iron cannonballs would
come right off the monkey. Thus, it was quite literally, "Cold
enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey." (All this time,
you thought that was an improper expression, didn't you.)
If you can't be a good example, you'll just have to be a horrible warning...

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